Miriam Makeba Time Line
[South Africa]


March 4, 1932

Miriam Makeba born in Johannesburg, South Africa. Daughter of a sangoma, a mystical traditional healer of the Xhosa tribe, she spent six months of her birth year in jail with her mother.

1953
Makeba recorded her debut single, "Lakutshona Llange," as a member of The Manhattan Brothers.

1956
Wrote and recorded "Pata Pata" in South Africa.

1959
Leading role in "King Kong," a jazz musical based on the life of black African boxer, Ezekiel "King Kong" Dlamani; Appeared in the documentary "Come Back Africa" which brought an invitation to the the Venice Film Festival; Visited and performed in the US; First South African to win a Grammy Award for the album An Evening With Harry Belafonte & Miriam Makeba.

1967
"Pata Pata" was released in the United States becoming a world-wide hit.

1968
Granted Honorary Citizen of Guinea.

1975
Addressed the United Nations General Assembly; Received "Woman Of The Century" award from the Bedford Styversant community, New York.

1986
Received "Los Angeles Certificate Of Recognition" in the field of music for her humanity and perseverance against apartheid; "Commandeur Des Artes Et Lettres De La Republique Francaise" from the French government.

1987
'Allied Entertainment Certificate' awarded for sell out of concerts at London's Royal Albert Hall.

1987
Documentary filmed titled 'Exiles' and directed by Faith Isikapere; 'Certificate Of Appreciation' from the U.S. District Of Columbia for her contribution to the quality of life for the oppressed and disadvantage.

1987/88
Special guest artist with Paul Simon on his worldwide 'Graceland Tour.'

1988
Autobiography 'Makeba - My Story' published in the USA and England, subsequently translated into German, French, Dutch, Italian, Spanish and released in Japan in 1994; Tusagee, Alabama declares March 22 'Miriam Makeba Day;' Bologna (Italy): 'Africhelibere,' performed in front of more than 40,000 people to free Nelson Mandela; Distinguished Service Award from Essence Magazine.

1989
Corita Kent Peace Award from Los Angeles; Certificate Of Appreciation from the Mayor of Los Angeles; Order Of Merit of the great Al Fatah from Libya.

1990
'Stereo Sound International Award' for her message of love, unity through music; 'Premio Internazionale Marisa Bellisario' Milan Palatrussardi from the woman of Milan, Italy; 'One Nation Tour' with Odetta and Nina Simone; Guest on the Bill Cosby television show.

April 1991
First concert in South Africa after her return home in December 1990.  This is a start of a tour, which included the United States and Europe; Honorary doctorate in fine arts from Spellman College, Atlanta; Miriam Makeba Day proclaimed on June 16 by the city of Berkeley; "Live The Future!" world tour with Dizzy Gillespie.

1992
Joins the cast of the film "Sarafina" as Sarafina's mother; Albert Luthuli - Martin Luther King Award - Johannesburg, South Africa.

1993
Miriam Makeba Street named in the town of Moule, Guadeloupe; Honorary Doctorate in University from the University of Cape Town, RSA; Celebration of Oneness Award from the Creative Arts foundation in Chicago; International Music Award from UNESCO in Alicante, Spain; Honored by Stars For A Star Foundation at a banquet in Johannesburg.

1994
'Tour Of Hope' featuring Hugh Masekela through North & South America and Europe; December: A documentary on her life directed by Melissa Raimes for 'The South Bank Show' in London and for release world-wide.

1995
Photographic shoot for Vogue America with Iman and David Bowie for a feature editorial on South Africa in June/July 1995; Interview by David Bowie for his Art; Highest Decoration presented by the President of Tunisia on April 5, 1995. The distinction bestowed on her in consideration of her cultural achievements and her commitment to the just African cause; December: Private audience with the Pope John Paul II and a performance in the Vatican to be filmed and televised world-wide titled "Christmas At The Vatican."

1996
The Reggio Emilia city council welcomed her in Italy and staged a performance in support of the charity project to protect woman; MGOMA Lifetime Award from Zaire; Lifetime Award from Kora All Africa Music award; Summer European Tour; Lifetime Achievement Award in music and art from the South African Broadcasting Company (SABC); Scandinavian Tour: the longest tour of an artist in Scandinavia: 10 concerts presold-out, some concerts were staged also beyond the Polar Circle.

1997
March: Special guest at MASA 97 (Marché des Arts du Spectacle Africaine) in Abidjan, Ivory Coast; April: Special guest at "Harry Belafonte Tribute" in Harlem, New York; Summer European Tour; Fall North American Tour; October: Special guest at World's Family Meetings with Pope John Paul II in Rio De Janeiro filmed and televised worldwide "II Encontro Mundial Do papa Com As Familias;" Acknowledgment for music and arts from Prime Minister of Jamaica in Kingston; November: "Voice For Peace" concert in Brussels organized by the International Yehudi Menuhin Foundation; Gala at Gallagher Estate Center in Johannesburg to launch the fund raising for "The Makeba Centre For Girls;" December: Invited in Florence, Italy to celebrate the 50th anniversary of UN's "Chart Of Human Rights."

1998
April 23: Awarded with Honorary Doctorate in Arts from University of Fort Hare (South Africa) " For her contribution to the unfolding culture of liberation in South Africa;" September: Invited to close the EXPO98 in Lisbon with two concerts; Artist Ambassador for UN FAO Telefood 98, to raise funds against famine; November: Switzerland tour for UNICEF to raise funds for children of South Africa northern provinces; Recording sessions for the new album.

1999
January: Gala in Bonn (Germany) to present the EXPO 2000; February/March: End of recording and mixing of new album; March 17: Concert at London's Royal Festival hall, sold out; March 19: Concert at Paris' Olympia Theatre, Sold Out; May/June/August: North Africa and European Tour; October 15: Appointed UN FAO Ambassador in Rome.

2000
Makeba's first studio album in a decade, Homeland was released.


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